Located in eastern Africa, Ethiopia has a long history of monarchy. In 1974, however, a military coup resulted in the establishment of a socialist government. The following years were marked by a series of bloody coups, internal unrest, and chronic drought that drained resources from the country. In 1991, rebel forces banded together to oust the socialist regime, establishing a democracy. Much of Ethiopia’s coastline was lost to Eritrea in 1993, leaving Ethiopia landlocked. Despite a peace treaty signed with Eritrea in 2000, the two countries remain conflicted over border issues. Ethiopia is also bordered by Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, and the Sudan.

The population of 96,633,458 makes Ethiopia the 14th most populous nation in the world and the second-most populous country in sub-Saharan Africa. ...

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