Guyana is a South American coastal country, with a population of 804,000 (2015 estimate). Its capital is Georgetown. Guyana has been significantly impacted by wars of both global and local impact. The labor-negotiation traditions that were used to deal with these violent upheavals have had a considerable impact on the nation’s social and economic development.

The Eighty Years’ War

The primary reason Guyana was created by the Dutch people of the former Spanish Netherlands was to serve as a political and tactical nuisance to Philip II of Spain during the Eighty Years’ War (1568–1648). To fully understand the impact made by this war on the Dutch, it is important to understand the level of betrayal they felt by their Spanish sovereigns. Philip’s father Charles—though a staunch Catholic—was ...

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