Benin is a country in West Africa and is located between Togo to the west and Nigeria to the east, with land borders with Burkina Faso and Niger to the north. It has a population of 10,232,000 (July 2013 estimate), and its military has long had a major involvement in politics.

The Republic of Benin had been the Republic of Dahomey until the country’s official name was changed in 1972. Prior to becoming a French colony, the kingdom of Dahomey had flourished in the region, along with the city-state of Porto Novo.

The kingdom of Dahomey had been the main political entity in the region from the 17th to the 19th century. It was heavily militarized and the people in the kingdom were known for their military ...

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