Kyrgyzstan (the Kyrgyz Republic) is a country in Central Asia. It has a population of 5,664,939 (2015 estimate), and a territory of 199,951 square kilometers. The country is bordered on the north by Kazakhstan, on the east and south by China, on the south by Tajikistan, and on the west by Uzbekistan. Its capital is Bishkek. Kyrgyzstan was a union republic of the Soviet Union until August 1991, when it declared independence. The country hosted the strategic military air base of Manas. This entry examines Kyrgyzstan’s modern history, focusing on the involvement of the Soviet Union and Kyrgyzstan independence, and discusses the Manas Air Base and Kyrgyzstan’s place in the military sphere.

19th- and 20th-Century Kyrgyzstan

Like the other Central Asian republics, the contemporary history of Kyrgyzstan ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles