Microaggressions are social exchanges in which a perpetrator explicitly or implicitly communicates a harmful, stereotypical, and dehumanizing message against a marginalized individual and/or community. Trans people experience verbal and nonverbal microaggressions on interpersonal, institutional, and systemic levels, and these experiences can result in gender minority stress that can negatively affect a trans person’s mental health and well-being. What follows is a description of the three types of microaggressions, specific examples of trans microaggressions, the potential impact of microaggressions, and a brief summary of microaggressions and trauma.

Brief History of Microaggressions

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made racial macroaggressions—racial segregation in public spaces such as bathrooms, schools, and hospitals—illegal by deeming explicit and intentional racial discrimination against U.S. law. However, nonwhite groups such as Asian, Asian ...

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