Diversity in the context of the counseling profession and counseling-related research is usually described as “multiculturalism” or “cultural diversity.” Diversity is typically thought of as the various identities and characteristics of an individual, group, or population. From a humanistic perspective, diversity is what makes us distinct from one another. Categories such as gender identity, sexual orientation, ethnicity, race, and spirituality are put in place to conceptualize people’s life experiences. From a research perspective, diversity within a sample size may increase the generalizability of the findings. However, racial and ethnic diversity remains a common concern with respect to assessments and interventions that were originally conducted with homogeneous samples. In regard to ethical conduct, mental health professionals have a responsibility to facilitate effective psychotherapeutic interventions that take ...

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