Communication disorders involve deficits in speech, language, and other verbal or nonverbal communication behavior. Disruptions in prenatal brain development are thought to cause many communication disorders, but the causes for these disruptions are not fully understood. In addition, research has linked problems with the production of language to recurrent ear infections, which can affect hearing and reduce input to the developing brain. Researchers have drawn connections between communication disorders, poor academic achievement, and mental health issues. Schools play a vital role in the diagnosis of communication disorders and in early intervention. Children can make significant progress in overcoming many communication disorders through working with speech-language pathologists. By working with parents and teachers, counselors can ensure that children receive assistance to improve their communication skills and ...

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