Children form a special relationship with their caregivers. Attachment theory states that all infants have a natural desire to bond with a primary caregiver. The first 12 to 18 months are critical to the infant’s ability to build a healthy and stable attachment with a primary caregiver. According to attachment theory, there are two basic attachment styles: secure and insecure. Furthermore, the insecure attachment style can manifest itself in either an insecure–avoidant attachment style or an insecure–anxious attachment style. Children with a secure attachment style have a warm, comforting, and safe relationship with a primary caregiver. Children with an insecure–anxious attachment style are worried about their connection with a caregiver and hypersensitive to any threats to the relationship. Those with an insecure–avoidant style are also ...

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