Transracial adoption, also known as transcultural adoption, is defined by Rita Simon and Howard Alstein as the process by which a parent or couple from one racial, ethnic, or cultural group adopts a child from a differing racial, ethnic, or cultural group. A White couple adopting a Hispanic child is an example of a transracial adoption due to their differences in racial and cultural backgrounds. These adoptions can be domestic (e.g., foster care, private adoption, or stepchildren in an interracial marriage) or international (adopting children from another country). A 2009 report from the U.S. Department of State indicated that U.S. parents had adopted close to 500,000 children from other countries since 1971. These children were primarily from Asia, Africa, and South America. Additionally, 40% of ...

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