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The term self-actualization has various definitions depending on the context of usage, but in generic terms, it simply means the realization of one’s full potential. Self-actualization is synonymous with the terms self-realization, self-reflection, or self-exploration. The term self-actualization was originally coined by the neurologist Kurt Goldstein. He claimed that every organism had a master motive or a unique innate drive, and the realization of this inner drive is what he termed self-actualization. The concept of self-actualization was further explored and brought into prominence within the domain of psychology by Abraham Maslow. Today, most of the literature on the topic of self-actualization follows Maslow’s concept and vision of the term. Maslow’s concept of self-actualization gave rise to the fields of humanistic psychology and positive psychology, which ...

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