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Prison rape is a type of sexual assault in which an individual, while incarcerated or working in a detention facility, is forced to engage in involuntary masturbation and/or anal, oral, or vaginal intercourse. Prison rape can be perpetrated by inmates, facility guards, or staff members. Individuals whom identify as LGBTQ are at a higher risk of sexual assault while incarcerated. Prison rape is highly underreported due to prisoner social codes and the lack of available reporting mechanisms. The public often lacks information about prison rape and relies on popular media to frame the issue.

History

Before the 21st century, prison rape was rarely reported in the United States. Documentation consisted of memoirs, academic studies, and legal cases—most of which pertained to a select number of institutions. Many ...

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