Nonverbal Learning Disability

Nonverbal learning disability (NLD) is a learning disorder characterized by a core deficit in visual-spatial processing within the context of well-developed verbal ability and intact intellectual functioning. Individuals with NLD do well with rote or explicit learning, but struggle with the application and integration of skills and with novel problem solving. Frequently associated deficits pertain to an individual’s fine and gross motor skills, math calculation and problem-solving skills, visual or spatial memory, attention, and social skill development.

Behaviors associated with NLD are apparent during early childhood; however, characteristics are typically not evident until the age of 8 or 9 years when children begin to experience increased difficulty with the academic curriculum. Diagnosis for individuals may be delayed because of a history of strong verbal skills and ...

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