Cognitivism is a psychological framework in which the mind is conceived as a computational information processor, driven by internal mental rules, mechanisms, and knowledge representations. The aim of cognitive science therefore is to identify and describe the rule-based systems that make up these processes and the forms of representations on which they operate. Cognitivism offers a specific perspective on language and its relationship with thought, which is reflected in contemporary approaches to defining and conceptualizing communication disorders. Therefore, an appreciation of cognitivism’s theoretical commitments is important when considering the nature of knowledge within the field.

In contrast to some other schools of psychological theory, cognitivism presents a reductionist and mechanistic view of the mind in that it constructs human mental life as a “sum of parts.” ...

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