Clinical phonology is concerned with the study and explanation of difficulties with Speech–Language production in children and adults, aiming to provide an exhaustive classification and treatment of speech sound disorders, which is the general task of the Speech–Language pathologists. This entry defines phonology, describes the phonological stages of development in children, and discusses the four most common phonological disorders.

Phonology is the description of patterns, systems, and production of speech sounds in a language. It is worth noting a crucial difference between phonology and phonetics. Phonetics is concerned with the study of a sound system—that is, a concrete nonrandom distribution of sounds that encompasses the following aspects: physical and acoustic components, how sounds are formed and articulated by the speech mechanism, and how sounds are perceived. ...

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