Clauses and phrases are building blocks of language that are larger than phonemes, morphemes, and words and smaller than sentences and utterances. The clause is a group of words that usually contains a (finite) verb and, often, arguments of the verb. Clauses are the basic elements of what is called an utterance in oral language and a sentence in written language. This entry describes the role of clauses and phrases in the organization of languages. It also discusses the acquisition of relative clauses, in various languages, in typically developing children and in children with language disorders and production and comprehension of complex syntax at the clause level in children with developmental language disorders.

Utterances and sentences are considered complex if they contain two or more clauses, ...

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