Acquired aphasia is a language disorder resulting from damage to areas of the brain associated with language processing. Aphasia affects both language production and comprehension, including speaking, understanding what other people say, reading, and writing. In other words, aphasia affects the primary modes of linguistic communication. However, aphasia does not affect the general ability to think and relate to the environment. In fact, people with aphasia prefer the description “loss of language, not loss of intelligence” to communicate the idea that people with aphasia are inherently competent to make decisions if the language barriers are minimized.

The degree of communication disability varies across people with aphasia and depends on the amount and location of brain damage. For some people with severe aphasia, language is virtually nonfunctional. ...

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