Self-correction, or the act of monitoring verbal output and amending erroneous production, is a behavior that occurs in all speakers. People with communication disorders, such as aphasia (the population whose self-correction behaviors have been studied most), tend to show various editing deficits. Neurologically injured language users may lack insight into the accuracy of their speech and fail to recognize that a mistake has been made. Alternatively, they may be aware of the presence of errors and make effortful attempts to correct these errors that fail to yield appropriately corrected responses. Finally, in a small number of cases, people with aphasia may detect errors and routinely provide a rectified version of the target word or phrase. This entry discusses the two main approaches to studying ...

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