Language is used to communicate ideas, needs, and emotions through a symbolic coded system. It is a human faculty, universal, that requires linguistic exposure to be acquired, as opposed to written language, which is learned.

Oral language is a modality. To be functional, it requires grammaticality, performed by a modular organization. Phonemes and morphemes combine themselves, coherently with the specific characteristics of each language system, in order to correspond to the lexicon (phonology and morphology). Words construct clauses and sentences (morphology and syntax); words have different meanings, sentences create different senses and intentions (semantics and pragmatics), and all of these infinite statements may concern the present, the past, or the future, establish different spatial relations with the interlocutors, and reflect cultural differences (semantics, morphology, syntax, and ...

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