Generative linguistics is that branch of scientific inquiry into human language that is closely connected to the innovative research program initiated in the 1950s by Noam Chomsky. It stands out today as an enormous body of work over the past seven decades stemming from research in linguistics, philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, and other cognitive sciences, but also in fields such as biology, ethology, and evolutionary studies. Generative grammar, as it is often referred to, represents the theoretical paradigm that has made important contributions to all major domains of language: semantics (also with some relevance to pragmatics), morphology (also with some relevance to the lexicon), phonology (also with some relevance to phonetics), and especially, syntax (and its interfaces with the other components of language and the language ...

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