This entry presents an overview of the history of wine and viticulture, beginning with archaeological evidence from the Caucasus region and then reviewing its expansion in the eastern Mediterranean region and then elsewhere in Europe. The entry concludes with a brief discussion of wine and health.

Origins of Wine and Viticulture

For years, there has been an ongoing discussion among historians and archaeologists about where the first wine was made. However, it is safe to say that the “cradle of wine” is located in the region of present-day Georgia and the Caucasus Mountains. Archaeological evidence of cultivated grape seeds have been found at the archaeological site Shulaveris-Gora. The site is situated in the Transcaucasus region and is dated to between the 6th and 4th millennia BCE and ...

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