A vegan is a person who abstains from eating animal products, including meat, poultry, fish, dairy, and eggs, as well as any animal by-products. There are many different motivations for veganism, including health concerns, environmental preservation, and/or ethical principles. Vegans disturbed about the treatment of animals also oppose the use of animals for any commercial purpose, including the manufacture of fur, leather, silk, wool, and down; abstain from using animal by-products, including beeswax, carmine, and casein; and refuse to use products that are tested on animals or that otherwise exploit animals in their production. This entry explains the motives behind this diet and lifestyle, explores areas of disagreements among vegans, and reviews some of the critiques of veganism.

In 1944, Donald Watson coined the term veganism ...

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