• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Permaculture

Permaculture refers to a design system created by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren on the island state of Tasmania in Australia in the 1970s. Permaculture includes design principles and practices, a particular worldview, and an international social movement. The term is a portmanteau coined in 1978 that has been described by the founders as combining the words “permanent agriculture” or “permanent culture.” In its early stages, permaculture was conceived as a set of design principles and practices meant to improve sustainable, smallholder agricultural production by creating a complete agricultural ecosystem based on perennial polyculture and ecological patterns. By the late 1980s, permaculture expanded to include a broad framework for designing the sustainable communities as agriculturally productive human settlements based on ecological patterns that facilitate ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles