Hate Crimes

There are various ways in which hate crimes (also known as bias crimes) are defined. Generally, a hate crime is defined as a crime that is motivated by or in part by racial, ethnic, religious, gender, sexual orientation, or other prejudices. The Federal Bureau of Investigation defines hate crime specifically as a “criminal offense committed against a person or property motivated in whole or in part by an offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity, gender, or gender identity.” In the United States, Washington and Oregon were the first states to pass hate crime legislation in 1981; in 2018, 45 states and the District of Columbia have hate crime statutes (Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, South Carolina, and Wyoming do not). States vary ...

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