Spirituality concerns ways of living in relation to, believing in, and valuing the immaterial aspects of existence. In Western tradition, it has been historically associated with religious faith involving core beliefs in a divine, causal intelligence (i.e., a god) and a soul (i.e., an incorporeal, personal essence). As the United States becomes multicultural, non-Western religions have contributed to emerging concepts of spirituality. In today’s diverse, secular society, spirituality may also proceed from a humanistic perspective. Atheists or agnostics, as well as persons of faith, may dedicate themselves to the well-being of others through investment in ideals and principles, lifestyles, political causes, and/or faith in science as a means of improving the human condition. Spiritual beliefs offer purpose, community, and meaning to followers and provide comfort ...

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