Prison security is a fundamental responsibility of any prison system. Prison security levels are set according to the severity of the crimes that the prisoners have committed, the risk the prisoners represent to the good order of the prison in which they are held, and the risk presented to the general public should the prisoners escape. Security in prisons is vital in order to maintain high standards of custody, care, and control. It is essential to minimize violent conflict, for example, assaults and prison riots, and to manage effective and purposeful regimes.

On a daily basis, security measures and practices determine the movements and activities of prisoners, for example, the times they are locked up and unlocked from their cells, and may be subject to cell ...

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