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Close reading, also known as close textual analysis, investigates the relationship between the internal workings of discourse in order to discover what makes a particular text function persuasively. A text is an artifact that stimulates meaning. To infer about such meanings, one needs to conduct a close reading. Close reading may be related to the hermeneutical triangle since three important traits are examined: the rhetor, or author, of the text; the audience(s); and the message itself. Close reading attempts to reveal the detailed, often concealed, tools that give a particular text stylistic consistency and rhetorical effect. By conducting a close reading analysis, hidden themes may surface that have been overlooked or underestimated. In the United States, close reading has been linked to the New Criticism, ...

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