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Global South is a notion charged with multifaceted meanings. Geographically speaking, the Global South broadly identifies world regions such as Latin America, Asia, Africa, and Oceania, which are situated outside of Europe and North America. Previously, those regions were designated as being part of the so-called Third World in opposition to the Western First World and the communist Soviet Union and its eastern European satellites (Second World). The countries under the umbrella of the Third World label were commonly described as underdeveloped, uneducated, and needy. Today, the Global South still identifies as low-income, less developed, and marginalized countries implying a condition of inferiority, dependence, and powerlessness vis-à-vis the rich developed and industrialized countries of the North. However, from a geopolitical viewpoint, the Global North and ...

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