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‘Children in care’, ‘looked-after child’, and ‘children in out-of-home care’ are amongst the terms that refer to children who are unable to live with their parents and are placed in state or public care. ‘State care’ is where a government or local authority takes responsibility for children whose family are unable to take care of them, with children usually living in foster care or residential/institutional care. This entry offers an overview of what being in care means and the different care arrangements available.

Care Systems Around the World

Care systems vary across the world, with child welfare systems, approaches, and regulation differing with the social, cultural, and economic contexts that influence a child becoming cared for ever changing. State care where there are established child welfare systems ...

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