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Bullying is an extreme form of social exclusion that affects a significant number of children in schools and other childhood institutions. The number of 11-year-olds stating that they were bullied was approximately 10% for girls and 12% for boys according to the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study conducted in 42 countries in 2013–2014 and published in 2016. The definition of bullying is a matter of debate among researchers. Some researchers emphasize aggressive contra vulnerable individual personality traits as a basic premise for the emergence of bullying behavior. Others conceptualize bullying as an effect of dysfunctional social mechanisms in groups. In line with such diverse understandings of how to define and understand bullying, researchers also discuss the part played by parents in children’s bullying practices. ...

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