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With an overall budget of more than two billion dollars and activities in 120 countries, Save the Children (SC) is one of the largest international nongovernmental organization dedicated to promoting children’s rights. It is also arguably the oldest child-centered international nongovernmental organization and has played a key role in the rise of children’s rights on the international agenda and in their institutionalization. This entry summarizes research about the history and work of the organization.

The History of SC

SC was created in the United Kingdom in the aftermath of World War I by two upper-class late-Victorian sisters, Eglantyne Jebb and Dorothy Buxton, whose ambition was to do for children what the International Committee of the Red Cross was doing for war victims, that is, providing aid regardless ...

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