Addictive Disorders: Overview

The term addictive disorders refers to compulsive behaviors in which an individual experiences a loss of control of the behavior despite negative consequences. Addictive disorders include substance-related disorders and behavioral addictions. Substance-related disorders are further broken down into 10 classes of drugs: (1) alcohol; (2) caffeine; (3) cannabis; (4) hallucinogen (i.e., phencyclidine, LSD [lysergic acid diethylamide]); (5) inhalants; (6) opioids; (7) sedatives, hypnotics, or anxiolytics; (8) stimulants (i.e., cocaine, amphetamines); (9) tobacco; and (10) other (or unknown) substances. Substance-related disorders are further divided into substance use disorders and substance-induced disorders. Substance use disorder refers to a pattern of substance use that results in clinically significant impairment or distress. To be diagnosed with a substance use disorder, an individual must meet at least 2 of 11 ...

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