• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Acute stress disorder (ASD) is a trauma- and stressor-related disorder characterized by intrusive memories, negative mood, dissociation, avoidance, and/or hyperarousal experienced during the first month after a potentially traumatic event. ASD was added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) in 1994 to describe and classify symptoms occurring in the early posttrauma period and to identify people at risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The rate of ASD following a potentially traumatic event varies from as low as 1% in victims of mixed trauma to as high as 59% in sexual assault victims. Victims of violent crime are at the highest risk for ASD; other risk factors include female gender, younger age, lower socioeconomic status, and traumatic experiences ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles