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Acute Stress Disorder

Acute stress disorder (ASD) is a trauma- and stressor-related disorder characterized by intrusive memories, negative mood, dissociation, avoidance, and/or hyperarousal experienced during the first month after a potentially traumatic event. ASD was added to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) in 1994 to describe and classify symptoms occurring in the early posttrauma period and to identify people at risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The rate of ASD following a potentially traumatic event varies from as low as 1% in victims of mixed trauma to as high as 59% in sexual assault victims. Victims of violent crime are at the highest risk for ASD; other risk factors include female gender, younger age, lower socioeconomic status, and traumatic experiences ...

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