Malpractice usually falls under the civil division of law, which addresses the duties and obligations owed to others (although some acts of malpractice may also be grounds for criminal actions). Under civil law, for example, one might be obligated to clear one’s sidewalk of snow, and failure to do so that results in a slip-and-fall injury to another individual could lead to a lawsuit and recovery for harm or damages. Likewise, psychologists owe those they treat or assess an obligation to act with sufficient care, and failing to do so can create a malpractice risk.

This entry emphasizes the four necessary elements of a malpractice case, which are described in turn, followed by a brief coverage of the types of damages claimed in these cases, common ...

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