Gender Dysphoria: Psychological Factors

As a diagnosis, gender dysphoria represents a complex interaction between cultural, social, familial, biological, and psychological factors. Although psychological factors are, arguably, an essential aspect of any psychological disorder, the focus in this entry is on psychological theories about the development of gender dysphoria, the psychological characteristics of the disorder, how stigma and prejudice affect individuals with gender dysphoria, and associated psychological characteristics.

Psychological Theories Related to the Development of Gender Dysphoria

The exact cause of gender dysphoria is unknown. However, several primarily psychological theories have been put forth to try to explain the development of gender dysphoria. At one point, psychological factors (interpsychic or intrapsychic) were thought to be wholly responsible for the development of gender dysphoria, but most modern evidence disputes this notion. As such, ...

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