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Oralism, Psychological Effects of

  • By: Candace A. McCullough & Sharon M. Duchesneau
  • In: The SAGE Deaf Studies Encyclopedia
  • Edited by: Genie Gertz & Patrick Boudreault
  • Subject:Physical Disabilities, Otorhinolaryngology (Ears, Nose, & Throat)

Few studies have addressed the psychological effects of oralism, a philosophy that most commonly advocates auditory-verbal training (AVT), while simultaneously discouraging or outright banning sign language. The psychological ramifications of oralism are pervasive and enduring, reaching far beyond the childhood years, well into adulthood. Oralism directly and indirectly influences psychological development and functioning and perpetuates the prevailing societal attitude of audism, the belief that being able to hear and speak is inherently superior to being Deaf and signing.

Meaning of Psychological Effects

Psychological effects refers to the cumulative impact of a specific experience on one’s mental health, more commonly of a traumatic nature. This experience can consist of a single event or series of events over time. Deaf children who are raised orally suffer countless psychological ...

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