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  • Contents
  • Subject index

A landmark publication, The Handbook of Counseling defines the field of counselling - how it has developed, the current state of the discipline and profession, and where this dynamic field is going. Edited and with chapters contributed by the leaders in counselling education and research, including several past-presidents of the American Counselling Association, this Handbook is comprehensive in its scope.

Cognitive-Developmental Stage Theories for Counseling
Cognitive-developmental stage theories for counseling
Norman A.Sprinthall
Sandra DeangelisPeace
Patricia Anne DavisKennington

In presenting our rationale for cognitive-developmental stage theories for counseling in this chapter, we discuss the failure of prior models for counseling and the need for a preventive-developmental framework. The cognitive-developmental paradigm, as opposed to previous models, is linked directly to comprehensive theory and major longitudinal and cross-cultural research. Ultimately, any effective counseling practice must reside on the broadest set of theoretical and empirical validations. It is insufficient, in our view, to base practice on perhaps interesting and speculative eclectic and/or “pop” psychology ideas. Instead, we present the assumptions linked to empirical cross-validation that outline a sequence of cognitive-developmental stages that humans employ when faced with difficult and problematic issues of development. ...

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