• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A landmark publication, The Handbook of Counseling defines the field of counselling - how it has developed, the current state of the discipline and profession, and where this dynamic field is going. Edited and with chapters contributed by the leaders in counselling education and research, including several past-presidents of the American Counselling Association, this Handbook is comprehensive in its scope.

Optimization of Behavior: Promotion of Wellness
Optimization of behavior: Promotion of wellness
Jane E.Myers
Thomas J.Sweeney
J. MelvinWitmer

Although counseling as an activity has been traced from antiquity, counseling as a formal profession emerged as recently as the latter part of the 20th century (for a review of the historical development of the profession, see Sweeney's chapter in this volume [Chapter 1]). Antecedents to the emergence of the profession included societal needs, reformer movements in education and mental health, federal legislation directed to serve specific populations, and the coalition of organizations concerned with the guidance movement in this country. As early as the late 19th and early 20th centuries, there were calls for addressing vocational, educational, and mental health needs in a more systematic planned way. Although there have ...

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