• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A landmark publication, The Handbook of Counseling defines the field of counselling - how it has developed, the current state of the discipline and profession, and where this dynamic field is going. Edited and with chapters contributed by the leaders in counselling education and research, including several past-presidents of the American Counselling Association, this Handbook is comprehensive in its scope.

Community Counseling Settings
Community counseling settings
Samuel T.Gladding
MichaelRyan

Counseling in community settings is both an old and a relatively new phenomenon. The practice can be traced back to one of the founders of counseling, Frank Parsons, who devised the first systematic career counseling method in the United States at the Vocational Bureau in Boston (Parsons, 1909). Other pioneers who promoted counseling in a community setting were Abraham and Hannah Stone, who began marriage counseling in New York City during the late 1920s, and clinicians who worked for the Veterans Administration both before and after World War II (Gladding, 2000).

Yet, as a common practice, counseling in community settings really did not begin until the 1960s when Congress passed the Community Mental Health Centers Act of 1963 and opened ...

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