A landmark publication, The Handbook of Counseling defines the field of counselling - how it has developed, the current state of the discipline and profession, and where this dynamic field is going. Edited and with chapters contributed by the leaders in counselling education and research, including several past-presidents of the American Counselling Association, this Handbook is comprehensive in its scope.
Chapter Eighteen: Counseling in Schools
Counseling in Schools
This chapter examines school counseling from various perspectives. Included are discussions of the evolution of school counseling; various individual and group approaches to school counseling; consultation with teachers, parents, and others; assessment and accountability; and important issues facing school counselors during the 21st century.
School counseling appears to be a 20th-century phenomenon. Its beginnings were in the social reform movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. There was no master plan. School counseling evolved and seems to be continuing to evolve during the early 21st century. As we begin the new century, school counseling appears to be in a developmental period analogous to Erikson's (1963) fifth developmental stage—identity versus role confusion. Collectively, the profession seems to ...