• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A landmark publication, The Handbook of Counseling defines the field of counselling - how it has developed, the current state of the discipline and profession, and where this dynamic field is going. Edited and with chapters contributed by the leaders in counselling education and research, including several past-presidents of the American Counselling Association, this Handbook is comprehensive in its scope.

Basic Counseling Skills
Basic counseling skills

Although most writers date the focus on using basic skills in helping to the mid-20th century, we can see precursors to this idea in the writings of early philosophers and religious leaders. (For a comprehensive look at history of counseling, see Kottler & Brown, 1996.) The Greek philosopher Socrates, in particular, was described by Plato in the dialogues as using questioning and reflection in his interactions with his students (see, e.g., Edman, 1956). Socrates taught by elucidating (literally drawing out) answers from his pupils rather than by di-dactically lecturing, as then was the custom (as it often is now). This process, today referred to as the Socratic method, implied that he believed that the pupils already knew the answers and ...

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