• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

A landmark publication, The Handbook of Counseling defines the field of counselling - how it has developed, the current state of the discipline and profession, and where this dynamic field is going. Edited and with chapters contributed by the leaders in counselling education and research, including several past-presidents of the American Counselling Association, this Handbook is comprehensive in its scope.

Chapter Fourteen: Developmental Counseling and Therapy and Multicultural Counseling and Therapy: Metatheory, Contextual Consciousness, and Action

Developmental Counseling and Therapy and Multicultural Counseling and Therapy: Metatheory, Contextual Consciousness, and Action
Developmental counseling and therapy and multicultural counseling and therapy: Metatheory, contextual consciousness, and action
Allen E.Ivey
Mary BradfordIvey

This chapter describes two complementary theories developed out of the counseling orientation: developmental counseling and therapy (DCT) (Ivey, 1986/2000, 1991/1993) and multicultural counseling and therapy (MCT) (Sue, Ivey, & Pedersen, 1996). Both of these models are culture centered, have strong roots in counseling, and were developed by counselor educators.

Both DCT and MCT argue strongly that all counseling is multicultural counseling. As integrative metatheories, they point out that all clients are people-in-social-context and that contextual variables deeply affect what occurs in individuals—language, race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, disability/ability, spiritual/religious orientation, and experience with trauma. In addition, life ...

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