A landmark publication, The Handbook of Counseling defines the field of counselling - how it has developed, the current state of the discipline and profession, and where this dynamic field is going. Edited and with chapters contributed by the leaders in counselling education and research, including several past-presidents of the American Counselling Association, this Handbook is comprehensive in its scope.
Chapter Eleven: Adlerian Counseling Theory and Practice
Adlerian Counseling Theory and Practice
The psychological theory of Alfred Adler (Ansbacher & Ansbacher, 1956; Dinkmeyer & Sperry, 2000) is especially well suited to professional counselors. This chapter provides an overview and a description of the theoretical premises, the steps/stages, the techniques and strategies, and a case example of Adlerian counseling.
Overview of Adlerian Theory
Adler's theory applied to counseling stresses the unity of the personality and understands people as complete beings. Behavior is viewed as purposeful and goal directed. The purposeful nature of human behavior is stressed, and counselors are trained to look for where their clients' behavior is headed as opposed to where it has been in the past. Adler believed that all people have feelings of inferiority. Sometimes, these feelings ...