The Case for Democracy explores the psychological biases; distorted risk perceptions; frenetic journalism; the impotence of science; the narrow focus of 'experts'; value judgements dressed up as truths; propaganda; the invisibility of ethics; and the alarming irrelevance of inclusive democracy that have been features of the human reaction to the covid-19 pandemic. David Seedhouse argues that the chaotic human response to the virus, with no attempt to include the public, is the perfect argument for an extensive, participatory democracy. It is time for us to solve our problems together. David Seedhouse is Professor of Deliberative Practice at Aston University.

The Propaganda

The Propaganda
  • Risk perceptions (A) and Accurate comparisons (B)
  • Propaganda (A) and Balanced information (B)
  • Obedience (A) and Critical thinking (B)
  • Scaremongering journalism (A) and Investigative journalism (B)

When one constantly receives simplistic messages, especially in slogans, a critical thinker should ask: is this propaganda, and if so, why is propaganda being used? These are not insignificant questions.

Propaganda has been defined as follows:

The systematic propagation of a doctrine or cause or of information reflecting the views and interests of those advocating such a doctrine or cause.

Material disseminated by the advocates or opponents of a doctrine or cause. (130)


Systematic effort to propagate or win support for a theory or method of action. (131)


A concerted set of messages aimed at influencing the opinions or behaviour of large numbers of ...

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