Education has continued to grow in stature and significance as an academic discipline. In addition to world renowned research studies the growth of education has been seen in the methodology and methods underpinning its research. The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research provides a cutting edge account of the research and methodology that is creating new understandings for education research, policy and practice. Over two volumes, the handbook addresses educational research in six essential components: Section 1: Understanding Research Section 2: Planning Research Section 3: Approaches to Research Section 4: Acquiring Data Section 5: Analysing Data Section 6: Reporting, Disseminating and Evaluating Research Featuring contributions from more than 50 of the biggest names in the international field, The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research represents a very significant contribution to the development of education.
Chapter 4: Shared Principles of Causal Inference in Qualitative and Quantitative Research
Shared Principles of Causal Inference in Qualitative and Quantitative Research
In studying learning and socialization in the complex world of schools educational researchers must make inferences about educational problems and solutions from imperfect data and less than ideal research designs. Indeed, educational researchers are often interested in studying educational problems as they naturally occur, or in curriculum or policy interventions that take place in an educational system all at once, without the benefit of proactively putting in place a study design. In quantitative research in education, a rich body of research has developed to understand and support causal inferences in quasi-experimental data, that is, data where the study design ...