Education has continued to grow in stature and significance as an academic discipline. In addition to world renowned research studies the growth of education has been seen in the methodology and methods underpinning its research. The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research provides a cutting edge account of the research and methodology that is creating new understandings for education research, policy and practice. Over two volumes, the handbook addresses educational research in six essential components: Section 1: Understanding Research Section 2: Planning Research Section 3: Approaches to Research Section 4: Acquiring Data Section 5: Analysing Data Section 6: Reporting, Disseminating and Evaluating Research Featuring contributions from more than 50 of the biggest names in the international field, The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research represents a very significant contribution to the development of education.
Chapter 46: Generalizability
Generalizability – the extent to which research findings can be applied to broader sets of contexts (Ercikan, 2009) – is key to external validity in scientific research and, therefore, an essential part of critical inquiry. In education, the notion of generalizability has a social dimension, fairness – the ideal circumstance in which all individuals have unhampered opportunities to learn and demonstrate their knowledge and skills. In the context of assessment, decisions concerning academic achievement (for example, passing decisions or determining a grade or level of proficiency) can be viewed as generalizations because, based on the scores obtained by an individual or a group of students on a test, conclusions are drawn about the knowledge and skills of ...