Education has continued to grow in stature and significance as an academic discipline. In addition to world renowned research studies the growth of education has been seen in the methodology and methods underpinning its research. The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research provides a cutting edge account of the research and methodology that is creating new understandings for education research, policy and practice. Over two volumes, the handbook addresses educational research in six essential components: Section 1: Understanding Research Section 2: Planning Research Section 3: Approaches to Research Section 4: Acquiring Data Section 5: Analysing Data Section 6: Reporting, Disseminating and Evaluating Research Featuring contributions from more than 50 of the biggest names in the international field, The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research represents a very significant contribution to the development of education.
Chapter 42: Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Researchers often wish to measure latent constructs, such as creativity, intelligence, happiness, or motivation. However, it is impossible to directly observe such traits. Instead, researchers typically measure multiple indicator variables, which they believe are (imperfectly) related to the construct of interest. For example, imagine that a researcher wishes to measure verbal ability. Verbal ability itself cannot be directly observed. However, researchers can observe behaviors that are indicative of verbal ability. Indicators of verbal ability could include the number of ‘tier 2’ vocabulary words that an individual can define, the student's reading comprehension scores, the syntactic complexity of the students’ speech, and so on. ...