Education has continued to grow in stature and significance as an academic discipline. In addition to world renowned research studies the growth of education has been seen in the methodology and methods underpinning its research. The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research provides a cutting edge account of the research and methodology that is creating new understandings for education research, policy and practice. Over two volumes, the handbook addresses educational research in six essential components: Section 1: Understanding Research Section 2: Planning Research Section 3: Approaches to Research Section 4: Acquiring Data Section 5: Analysing Data Section 6: Reporting, Disseminating and Evaluating Research Featuring contributions from more than 50 of the biggest names in the international field, The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research represents a very significant contribution to the development of education.

Content Analysis

Content Analysis

Content Analysis
James B. Schreiber Lyndsie N. Ferrara


Content analysis (CA) is, to us, a foundational research method that allows the researcher to experience an expansive view of data and branch into many analysis techniques. For this chapter, we will use Krippendorff's (1989, 2012) definition of, ‘a research technique for making replicable and valid inferences from data to their context’ (1989: 403) because we feel it is inclusive and expansive enough for us to discuss a ‘big tent’ view of the technique. The purpose of this chapter is to introduce researchers to defining attributes of content analysis and provide resources. This chapter is not a treaty on all of the aspects of conducting ...

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