Education has continued to grow in stature and significance as an academic discipline. In addition to world renowned research studies the growth of education has been seen in the methodology and methods underpinning its research. The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research provides a cutting edge account of the research and methodology that is creating new understandings for education research, policy and practice. Over two volumes, the handbook addresses educational research in six essential components: Section 1: Understanding Research Section 2: Planning Research Section 3: Approaches to Research Section 4: Acquiring Data Section 5: Analysing Data Section 6: Reporting, Disseminating and Evaluating Research Featuring contributions from more than 50 of the biggest names in the international field, The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research represents a very significant contribution to the development of education.

How Should Numeric Data be Analysed?

How Should Numeric Data be Analysed?
Stephen Gorard


There is currently considerable confusion among researchers in the social sciences about the use of numeric evidence in research, and a major purpose of this chapter is to clear up at least some of that confusion. The main problem is that the relatively straightforward use of numeric evidence has been made needlessly complicated by methods commentators. These complications are of three related types. The first is the idea that using numbers is somehow bound up with a ‘paradigm’ of beliefs about the nature of research and knowledge – referred to as the ‘quantitative’ methods approach. The second is that, in the ‘quantitative’ methods approach, analyses of numeric ...

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