Education has continued to grow in stature and significance as an academic discipline. In addition to world renowned research studies the growth of education has been seen in the methodology and methods underpinning its research. The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research provides a cutting edge account of the research and methodology that is creating new understandings for education research, policy and practice. Over two volumes, the handbook addresses educational research in six essential components: Section 1: Understanding Research Section 2: Planning Research Section 3: Approaches to Research Section 4: Acquiring Data Section 5: Analysing Data Section 6: Reporting, Disseminating and Evaluating Research Featuring contributions from more than 50 of the biggest names in the international field, The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research represents a very significant contribution to the development of education.

Observing and Recording Classroom Processes

Observing and Recording Classroom Processes
Frank Hardman Jan Hardman

Introduction

Observation and the recording of events in classrooms have a long and interesting history (Hardman and Hardman, 2016). This chapter will briefly review the methods of data collection and analysis that have evolved since the start of the last century, and the different methodological approaches that have informed such developments. It will draw on illustrative studies from the fields of social and developmental psychology, pedagogical studies, socio-cultural and ethno-linguistic research, and conversational and discourse analysis, and discuss how such research has provided detailed and precise evidence about the extent to which educational innovations and policy reforms have resulted in changes in classroom practices ...

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