Education has continued to grow in stature and significance as an academic discipline. In addition to world renowned research studies the growth of education has been seen in the methodology and methods underpinning its research. The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research provides a cutting edge account of the research and methodology that is creating new understandings for education research, policy and practice. Over two volumes, the handbook addresses educational research in six essential components: Section 1: Understanding Research Section 2: Planning Research Section 3: Approaches to Research Section 4: Acquiring Data Section 5: Analysing Data Section 6: Reporting, Disseminating and Evaluating Research Featuring contributions from more than 50 of the biggest names in the international field, The BERA/SAGE Handbook of Educational Research represents a very significant contribution to the development of education.
Chapter 15: Using International Comparative Studies in Achievement
Using International Comparative Studies in Achievement
Introduction of International Comparisons to Educational Researchers
Making comparisons between human activities either individually, across organizations, or between large national systems is an essential tool of scientific research (Cummings, 1999). Comparisons provide context for observed human behaviors. Are they absent or present, frequent or infrequent, or large or small when compared with other settings? Thus, making comparisons to other countries can improve the chances for drawing a correct inference by expanding the number of possibilities. Yet, if measurements of individuals are aggregated to an entire country level, the significant amount of variation between individuals within the country is masked thus simple comparisons of ...